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code_聚光燈的移動與其效果.c


/* Copyright (c) Mark J. Kilgard, 1994. */

/**
 * (c) Copyright 1993, 1994, Silicon Graphics, Inc.
 * ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for
 * any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice appear in all copies and that both the copyright notice
 * and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation, and that
 * the name of Silicon Graphics, Inc. not be used in advertising
 * or publicity pertaining to distribution of the software without specific,
 * written prior permission.
 *
 * THE MATERIAL EMBODIED ON THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED TO YOU "AS-IS"
 * AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR OTHERWISE,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  IN NO EVENT SHALL SILICON
 * GRAPHICS, INC.  BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANYONE ELSE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY
 * KIND, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION,
 * LOSS OF PROFIT, LOSS OF USE, SAVINGS OR REVENUE, OR THE CLAIMS OF
 * THIRD PARTIES, WHETHER OR NOT SILICON GRAPHICS, INC.  HAS BEEN
 * ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSS, HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
 * ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
 * POSSESSION, USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 *
 * US Government Users Restricted Rights
 * Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to
 * restrictions set forth in FAR 52.227.19(c)(2) or subparagraph
 * (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software
 * clause at DFARS 252.227-7013 and/or in similar or successor
 * clauses in the FAR or the DOD or NASA FAR Supplement.
 * Unpublished-- rights reserved under the copyright laws of the
 * United States.  Contractor/manufacturer is Silicon Graphics,
 * Inc., 2011 N.  Shoreline Blvd., Mountain View, CA 94039-7311.
 *
 * OpenGL(TM) is a trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <GL/glut.h>

/* Some <math.h> files do not define M_PI... */
#ifndef M_PI
#define M_PI 3.14159265
#endif

#define TWO_PI (2*M_PI)

typedef struct lightRec {
  float amb[4];
  float diff[4];
  float spec[4];
  float pos[4];
  float spotDir[3];
  float spotExp;
  float spotCutoff;
  float atten[3];

  float trans[3];
  float rot[3];
  float swing[3];
  float arc[3];
  float arcIncr[3];
} Light;

static int useSAME_AMB_SPEC = 1;
/* *INDENT-OFF* */
static float modelAmb[4] = {0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 1.0};

static float matAmb[4] = {0.2, 0.2, 0.2, 1.0};
static float matDiff[4] = {0.8, 0.8, 0.8, 1.0};
static float matSpec[4] = {0.4, 0.4, 0.4, 1.0};
static float matEmission[4] = {0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0};
/* *INDENT-ON* */

#define NUM_LIGHTS 3
static Light spots[] =
{
  {
    {0.2, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0},  /* ambient */
    {0.8, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0},  /* diffuse */
    {0.4, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0},  /* specular */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0},  /* position */
    {0.0, -1.0, 0.0},   /* direction */
    {20.0},
    {60.0},             /* exponent, cutoff */
    {1.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* attenuation */
    {0.0, 1.25, 0.0},   /* translation */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* rotation */
    {20.0, 0.0, 40.0},  /* swing */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* arc */
    {TWO_PI / 70.0, 0.0, TWO_PI / 140.0}  /* arc increment */
  },
  {
    {0.0, 0.2, 0.0, 1.0},  /* ambient */
    {0.0, 0.8, 0.0, 1.0},  /* diffuse */
    {0.0, 0.4, 0.0, 1.0},  /* specular */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0},  /* position */
    {0.0, -1.0, 0.0},   /* direction */
    {20.0},
    {60.0},             /* exponent, cutoff */
    {1.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* attenuation */
    {0.0, 1.25, 0.0},   /* translation */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* rotation */
    {20.0, 0.0, 40.0},  /* swing */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* arc */
    {TWO_PI / 120.0, 0.0, TWO_PI / 60.0}  /* arc increment */
  },
  {
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.2, 1.0},  /* ambient */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.8, 1.0},  /* diffuse */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.4, 1.0},  /* specular */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0},  /* position */
    {0.0, -1.0, 0.0},   /* direction */
    {20.0},
    {60.0},             /* exponent, cutoff */
    {1.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* attenuation */
    {0.0, 1.25, 0.0},   /* translation */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* rotation */
    {20.0, 0.0, 40.0},  /* swing */
    {0.0, 0.0, 0.0},    /* arc */
    {TWO_PI / 50.0, 0.0, TWO_PI / 100.0}  /* arc increment */
  }
};

static void
usage(char *name)
{
  printf("n");
  printf("usage: %s [options]n", name);
  printf("n");
  printf("  Options:n");
  printf("    -geometry Specify size and position WxH+X+Yn");
  printf("    -lm       Toggle lighting(SPECULAR and AMBIENT are/not samen");
  printf("n");
#ifndef EXIT_FAILURE /* should be defined by ANSI C <stdlib.h> */
#define EXIT_FAILURE 1
#endif
  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

static void
initLights(void)
{
  int k;

  for (k = 0; k < NUM_LIGHTS; ++k) {
    int lt = GL_LIGHT0 + k;
    Light *light = &spots[k];

    glEnable(lt);
    glLightfv(lt, GL_AMBIENT, light->amb);
    glLightfv(lt, GL_DIFFUSE, light->diff);

    if (useSAME_AMB_SPEC)
      glLightfv(lt, GL_SPECULAR, light->amb);
    else
      glLightfv(lt, GL_SPECULAR, light->spec);

    glLightf(lt, GL_SPOT_EXPONENT, light->spotExp);
    glLightf(lt, GL_SPOT_CUTOFF, light->spotCutoff);
    glLightf(lt, GL_CONSTANT_ATTENUATION, light->atten[0]);
    glLightf(lt, GL_LINEAR_ATTENUATION, light->atten[1]);
    glLightf(lt, GL_QUADRATIC_ATTENUATION, light->atten[2]);
  }
}

static void
aimLights(void)
{
  int k;

  for (k = 0; k < NUM_LIGHTS; ++k) {
    Light *light = &spots[k];

    light->rot[0] = light->swing[0] * sin(light->arc[0]);
    light->arc[0] += light->arcIncr[0];
    if (light->arc[0] > TWO_PI)
      light->arc[0] -= TWO_PI;

    light->rot[1] = light->swing[1] * sin(light->arc[1]);
    light->arc[1] += light->arcIncr[1];
    if (light->arc[1] > TWO_PI)
      light->arc[1] -= TWO_PI;

    light->rot[2] = light->swing[2] * sin(light->arc[2]);
    light->arc[2] += light->arcIncr[2];
    if (light->arc[2] > TWO_PI)
      light->arc[2] -= TWO_PI;
  }
}

static void
setLights(void)
{
  int k;

  for (k = 0; k < NUM_LIGHTS; ++k) {
    int lt = GL_LIGHT0 + k;
    Light *light = &spots[k];

    glPushMatrix();
    glTranslatef(light->trans[0], light->trans[1], light->trans[2]);
    glRotatef(light->rot[0], 1, 0, 0);
    glRotatef(light->rot[1], 0, 1, 0);
    glRotatef(light->rot[2], 0, 0, 1);
    glLightfv(lt, GL_POSITION, light->pos);
    glLightfv(lt, GL_SPOT_DIRECTION, light->spotDir);
    glPopMatrix();
  }
}

static void
drawLights(void)
{
  int k;

  glDisable(GL_LIGHTING);
  for (k = 0; k < NUM_LIGHTS; ++k) {
    Light *light = &spots[k];

    glColor4fv(light->diff);

    glPushMatrix();
    glTranslatef(light->trans[0], light->trans[1], light->trans[2]);
    glRotatef(light->rot[0], 1, 0, 0);
    glRotatef(light->rot[1], 0, 1, 0);
    glRotatef(light->rot[2], 0, 0, 1);
    glBegin(GL_LINES);
    glVertex3f(light->pos[0], light->pos[1], light->pos[2]);
    glVertex3f(light->spotDir[0], light->spotDir[1], light->spotDir[2]);
    glEnd();
    glPopMatrix();
  }
  glEnable(GL_LIGHTING);
}

static void
drawPlane(int w, int h)
{
  int i, j;
  float dw = 1.0 / w;
  float dh = 1.0 / h;

  glNormal3f(0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
  for (j = 0; j < h; ++j) {
    glBegin(GL_TRIANGLE_STRIP);
    for (i = 0; i <= w; ++i) {
      glVertex2f(dw * i, dh * (j + 1));
      glVertex2f(dw * i, dh * j);
    }
    glEnd();
  }
}

int spin = 0;

void
display(void)
{
  glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);

  glPushMatrix();
  glRotatef(spin, 0, 1, 0);

  aimLights();
  setLights();

  glPushMatrix();
  glRotatef(-90.0, 1, 0, 0);
  glScalef(1.9, 1.9, 1.0);
  glTranslatef(-0.5, -0.5, 0.0);
  drawPlane(16, 16);
  glPopMatrix();

  drawLights();
  glPopMatrix();

  glutSwapBuffers();
}

void
animate(void)
{
  spin += 0.5;
  if (spin > 360.0)
    spin -= 360.0;
  glutPostRedisplay();
}

void
visibility(int state)
{
  if (state == GLUT_VISIBLE) {
    glutIdleFunc(animate);
  } else {
    glutIdleFunc(NULL);
  }
}

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  int i;

  glutInit(&argc, argv);
  glutInitDisplayMode(GLUT_DOUBLE | GLUT_RGB);
  /* process commmand line args */
  for (i = 1; i < argc; ++i) {
    if (!strcmp("-lm", argv[i])) {
      useSAME_AMB_SPEC = !useSAME_AMB_SPEC;
    } else {
      usage(argv[0]);
    }
  }

  glutCreateWindow("GLUT spotlight swing");
  glutDisplayFunc(display);
  glutVisibilityFunc(visibility);

  glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
  glFrustum(-1, 1, -1, 1, 2, 6);

  glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
  glTranslatef(0.0, 0.0, -3.0);
  glRotatef(45.0, 1, 0, 0);

  glEnable(GL_LIGHTING);
  glEnable(GL_NORMALIZE);

  glLightModelfv(GL_LIGHT_MODEL_AMBIENT, modelAmb);
  glLightModelf(GL_LIGHT_MODEL_LOCAL_VIEWER, GL_TRUE);
  glLightModelf(GL_LIGHT_MODEL_TWO_SIDE, GL_FALSE);

  glMaterialfv(GL_FRONT, GL_AMBIENT, matAmb);
  glMaterialfv(GL_FRONT, GL_DIFFUSE, matDiff);
  glMaterialfv(GL_FRONT, GL_SPECULAR, matSpec);
  glMaterialfv(GL_FRONT, GL_EMISSION, matEmission);
  glMaterialf(GL_FRONT, GL_SHININESS, 10.0);

  initLights();

  glutMainLoop();
  return 0;             /* ANSI C requires main to return int. */
}

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